Weapons 101

Updated: Jun 3

In modern history, we have seen the advancement of science around the world shape continents and countries to our current social political positions. The fast paced and available resources of toxins and bacteria substances has given certain world power countries the advantage over the developing and third world. In particular the United State of America has demonstrated superior capabilities of chemical and biological weaponry since World War II. Chemical weapons have been known to be easier to control and faster acting than biological weapons. The chemical and biological weapons known from previous combat has increased virulence than the previously administered substances. The severity of the resulting disease spread can immobilize human beings within seconds and dismemberment is a high likelihood.


Toxins used include saxitoxin which are from marine organisms and algae, agriculture vegetables and fruit fungi (aflatoxin and trichothecene mycotoxins), ricin (castor beans) , poisonous plants, venomous snakes, insects, and spiders. Demonstrations from previous wartime practices have used aerosol droplets to deploy these types of toxins on their enemies in the field of combat. Disseminated by a special pyrotechnic composition the usage of toxins to demobilize military forces was shown successful in World War I and II. The chemical weapons used in WWI were pressurized, vaporized and used as explosions of liquid gas by compressed air missiles. The disbursed chemical weapons were detonated by electrical wiring systems placed along the battle grounds.


Sir Arthur Conan Doyle was the writer of the famous Sherlock Holmes in 1887. He was an advocate for the first world war through the British Campaign in France and Flanders 1914-1918. The written series of articles explained the British ideals of the Great War and the prospects of the British and French. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle wrote "agonies of 'asphyxiation' inflicted by a 'mechanical and inhuman ordeal;" This was his explanation of what was happening to soldiers and caught in cross fires civilians during World War I. The Treaty of Versailles mandated that the use of asphyxiating, poisonous or other gases and all analogous liquids, materials or devices being prohibited, the manufacturing and importation are strictly forbidden in Germany. Even though the Treaty of Versailles was broken, there was a impact on the global stance of chemical and biological weapons that increased usage before the end of the second world war.


Certain biological weapons including picric acid which can be found in todays arsenal of weaponry. The significance of the Picric Acid was that it can be used for burn victims yet when extremely dry it can be used as a lyddite of explosive. The biological compound has the capability of double usage in a warfront effort to dispel the enemy with a counter attack of body altering power. Another agent is Sternutator which causes sneezing, irritation to the nose and eyes, pain in the chest and nausea. The chemical warfare weapon was used to blind the enemy when in close combat yet the draw backs were that military forces that used this weapon were affect with temporary blindness themselves or long term medical issues.


Picric Acid chemicals compound


In conclusion, the chemical and biological weapons used in the first and second world wars were not a failure in their disposition. The major objectives for the American Forces and Allies were achieved. The Dominance of ground troopers were subjected by the amount of chemical and biological weapons that the forces had on each other. Often times, the use of chemical weapons would kill enemies more than if they had artillery weapons. In another academic argument, there was a difference in artillery power between the two opposing parties of the second world war which became clear as the production of weapons and fuel decreased. Post WWII the disarmament of weapons and creation of the United Nations was to prevent another world war attack. International disputes are now resolved through diplomacy tactics like negotiations and collective bargaining. The Western countries have been unified on most international disputes resolving economic trade relations. The popular subjects of countries winning their prospective futures is based on the education status of citizens, birth rates, militarily weaponry, advanced cyber connectivity, infrastructure connectivity and mass communication pathways. The future of globalization will be based on the diplomacy of the next generational leaders.

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